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Table 2 Baseline blood lipids concentration (fasted), area under the curve (AUC), and incremental area under the curve (iAUC) for both the 1FOOT and 3FOOT at day 1 (pre) and day 8 (post). Data presented as mean (SD)

From: The Effects of a Single Versus Three Consecutive Sessions of Football Training on Postprandial Lipemia: a Randomized, Controlled Trial in Healthy, Recreationally Active Males

  Group Pre Post % change from pre to post
TC (mmol l-1) 1FOOT 4.58 (0.29) 4.56 (0.67) − 0.4
3FOOT 5.22 (0.26) 5.02 (0.48) − 3
HDL (mmol l−1) 1FOOT 1.40 (0.07) 1.50 (0.24) 7
3FOOT 1.52 (0.12) 1.54 (0.10) 1
LDL (mmol l−1) 1FOOT 3.03 (0.26) 3.32 (0.81) 9
3FOOT 3.54 (0.19) 2.88 (0.49) 18
HOMA 1FOOT 1.04 (0.43) 0.81 (0.28) 22
3FOOT 1.45 (0.41) 1.02 (0.21)# 29
Matsuda ISI 2 h 1FOOT 14.86 (6.11) 18.14 (6.57)* 22
3FOOT 11.20 (6.90) 16.33 (5.37)* 45
Matsuda ISI 6 h 1FOOT 18.06 (6.65) 21.83 (7.57)* 20
3FOOT 13.16 (7.09) 19.61 (6.27)# 49
2 h insulin AUC (mmol l−1 2 h−1) 1FOOT 29.06 (11.47) 24.79 (11.66) − 14
3FOOT 45.59 (25.81) 24.32 (6.80)* − 47
2 h insulin iAUC (mmol l−1 2 h−1) 1FOOT 22.45 (11.70) 18.13 (12.92) − 19
3FOOT 33.45 (23.64) 15.48 (5.93)* − 54
2 h glucose AUC (mmol l−1 2 h−1) 1FOOT 10.27 (2.04) 9.60 (1.55) − 6
3FOOT 9.82 (1.20) 9.13 (1.10) − 7
2 h glucose iAUC (mmol l−1 2 h−1) 1FOOT 0.18 (1.37) − 0.12 (0.93) − 166
3FOOT − 0.92 (1.29) − 1.32 (0.87) − 43
  1. TC total cholesterol, HDL high-density lipoproteins, LDL low-density lipoprotein, ISI Insulinogenic Index, HOMA homeostatic model of assessment, AUC total area under the curve, iAUC incremental area under the curve, 1FOOT one football session, 3FOOT three consecutive football sessions
  2. *p < 0.05 pre- vs post-measures; #p < 0.01 pre- vs post-measures