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Table 1 Differential diagnosis of inguinal pain [9]

From: Laparoscopic Approach to Inguinal Disruption in Athletes: a Retrospective 13-Year Analysis of 198 Patients in a Single-Surgeon Setting

Proposed causes of sports hernia
 Conjoined tendon inflammation or tear
 Inguinal ligament tear
 External oblique muscle tear
 Posterior abdominal wall attenuation
 Superficial inguinal ring dilation
Inguinal location not related to sports hernia
 Inguinal hernia
 Nerve compression
 Pubic instability
 Osteitis pubis
 Adductor strain or tear
 Femoroacetabular impingement
 Iliopsoas strain or tear
 Snapping iliopsoas
 Rectus abdominis strain or tear