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Table 2 Summary of alterations in V̇O2max, hematological, biochemical, and endocrine markers after 8 weeks of aerobic training in recreational athletes submitted to distinct periodization models

From: A Randomized Controlled Trial Investigating the Effects of Undulatory, Staggered, and Linear Load Manipulations in Aerobic Training on Oxygen Supply, Muscle Injury, and Metabolism in Male Recreational Runners

  V̇O2max (ml/kg/min)
Mean
Hb (g/dl)
∆%
Ht (%)
∆%
MCHC (%)
∆%
CK
(U/L)
∆%
LDH
(U/L)
∆%
AST
(U/L)
∆%
ALT
(U/L)
∆%
Urea
(U/L)
∆%
C
(nmol/L)
∆%
T
(nmol/L)
∆%
FT/C
ratio
Periodization
Und-Und ↑ * ↑* ↑* ↑*
Und-Lin ↑ * ↑* = ↑* ↑* =
Sta-Und ↑ * ↑* = = ↑* ↑*
Sta-Lin ↑ * = ↑* ↑* ↑* ↑* ↑* ↓*
  1. * Indicates statistical difference (p ≤ 0.05) in mean values, % or FT/C ratio between the pre-training and post-training period; ↑ means trend to increase; ↓ means trend to decrease; = means similar values between the pre-training and post-training period