Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: The Demands of Professional Rugby League Match-Play: a Meta-analysis

Study Participants (n) Observations/files (n) Competition (year) Device details Variables extracted
Austin et al. (2011) [40] F: 5
AD: 5
B: 5
Total: 15
F: 25
AD: 25
B: 25
Total: 75
NRL (2008) Cameras: DZGX060SW, Hitachi Total RHIE
Austin and Kelly (2013) [33] NR F: 103
B: 82
Total: 185
NRL (NR) GPS: SPI Elite, 5 Hz, GPSports Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance
Austin and Kelly (2014) [8] NR F: 60
B: 75
Total: 135
NRL (NR) GPS: SPI Elite, 5 Hz, GPSports Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance
Cummins et al. (2016) [34] F: 10
AD: 4
B: 4
Total: 18
F: 140
AD: 74
B: 59
Total: 273
NRL (2013) GPS: SPI-ProX, 15 Hz, GPSports Playing time, total distance, total relative distance
Cummins et al. (2017) [51] F: 10
AD: 4
B: 4
Total: 18
F: 35
AD: 37
B: 58
Total: 130
NRL (2013) GPS: SPI-ProX, 15 Hz, GPSports Playing time, total distance, total relative distance
Cummins et al. (2017) [51] F: 10
AD: 4
Total: 14
F: 105
AD: 37
Total: 142
NRL (2013) GPS: SPI-ProX, 15 Hz, GPSports Playing time, total distance, total relative distance
Cummins and Orr (2015) [9] F: 13
AD: 5
B: 5
Total: 23
F: 184
AD: 97
B: 78
Total: 359
NRL (NR) GPS: SPI-Pro X II, 15 Hz, GPSports
Accelerometer: SPI-Pro X II, 100 Hz, GPSports
Playing time, total collisions, total ‘low impact’ collisions, total ‘high impact’ collisions, total relative collisions
Dempsey et al. (2018) [50] F: 37
B: 20
Total: 57
F: 222
B: 120
Total: 342
International (2011 and 2012) GPS: SPI Pro-X, GPSports Playing time, total distance, total relative distance
Gabbett (2012) [35] All: 37
Total: 37
F: 46
AD: 29
B: 29
Total: 104
NRL (NR) GPS: MinimaxX, 5HZ, Catapult
Accelerometer and Gyroscope, MinimaxX, 100 Hz, Catapult
Total RHIE
Gabbett (2013) [45] All: 22
Total: 22
NR NRL (NR) GPS: Minimax Team 2.5, 5 Hz, Catapult Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance, total slow-speed relative distance, total high-speed relative distance, total RHIE, total accelerations, total collisions, total ‘low impact’ collisions, total ‘high impact’ collisions, total relative collisions
Gabbett (2013) [43] All: 24
Total: 24
F: 42
AD: 15
B: 19
Total: 76
NRL (NR) GPS: Minimax Team 2.5, 5 Hz, Catapult
Accelerometer, Gyroscope, and Magnetometer: Minimax Team 2.5, 100 Hz, Catapult
Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance, total slow-speed relative distance, total high-speed relative distance, total RHIE, total efforts per RHIE, total collisions, total ‘low impact’ collisions, total ‘high impact’ collisions, total relative collisions
Gabbett (2013) [43] F: 7
AD: 5
B: 4
Total: 16
All: 61
Total: 61
NRL (NR) GPS: Minimax Team 2.5, 5 Hz, Catapult Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance, total slow-speed relative distance, total high-speed relative distance, total RHIE, total efforts per RHIE, total collisions, total ‘low impact’ collisions, total ‘high impact’ collisions, total relative collisions
Gabbett et al. (2011) [46] All: 51
Total: 51
NR NRL (2008–2010) Camera: NR Total collisions
Gabbett et al. (2012) [10] All: 21
Total: 21
F: 46
AD: 29
B: 29
Total: 104
NRL (NR) GPS: Minimax Team 2.5, 5 Hz, Catapult
Accelerometer and Gyroscope, MinimaxX, 100 Hz, Catapult
Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance, total RHIE, total efforts per RHIE, total collisions, total ‘low impact’ collisions, total ‘high impact’ collisions, total relative collisions
Gabbett et al. (2014) [36] F: 22
Total: 22
F: 226
Total: 226
NRL (NR) GPS: Minimax Team 2.5, 10 Hz, Catapult
Accelerometer and Gyroscope, MinimaxX, 100 Hz, Catapult
Total relative distance, total slow-speed relative distance, total high-speed relative distance
Kempton et al. (2017) [11] ST: 29
LST: 25
All: 54
Total: 54
ST: 380
LST: 265
All: 645
Total: 645
NRL (2014) GPS: SPI-Pro X, 15 Hz, GPSports Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance, total slow-speed relative distance, total high-speed relative distance, total accelerations, total decelerations, total collisions, total relative collisions
Kempton et al. (2015) [47] All: 25
Total: 25
F: 145
AD: 118
B: 121
Total: 384
NRL (2010–2011) GPS: SPI-Pro, 5 Hz, GPSports Playing time, total distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance, total accelerations, total decelerations
King et al. (2009) [12] F: 3
AD: 3
B: 3
Total: 9
F: 3
AD: 3
B: 3
Total: 9
NRL (2005) Camera: Panasonic Total distance
McLellan and Lovell (2012) [48] F: 8
B: 7
Total: 15
F: 64
B: 56
Total: 120
NRL (NR) GPS: SPI-Pro, 5 Hz, GPSports Total distance, total collisions
McLellan and Lovell (2013) [37] F: 6
B: 6
Total: 12
F: 30
B: 30
Total: 60
NRL (NR) GPS: SPI-Pro, 5 Hz, GPSports Total distance, total relative distance
McLellan et al. (2010) [38] F: 8
B: 7
Total: 15
F: 8
B: 7
Total: 15
NRL (NR) GPS: SPI-Pro, 5 Hz, GPSports Total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance
McLellan et al. (2011) [13] F: 8
B: 7
Total: 15
F: 40
B: 35
Total: 75
NRL (NR) GPS: SPI-Pro, 5 Hz, GPSports Total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance
McLellan et al. (2011)
[39]
F: 8
B: 7
Total: 15
F: 8
B: 7
Total: 15
NRL (NR) GPS: SPI-Pro, 5 Hz, GPSports Total collisions
Murray et al. (2014)
[14]
All: 31
Total: 31
NR NRL (NR) GPS: Minimax Team 2.5, 5 Hz, Catapult
Accelerometer and Gyroscope, MinimaxX, 100 Hz, Catapult
Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total slow-speed relative distance, total high-speed relative distance, total RHIE, total collisions, total relative collisions
Oxendale et al. (2016) [15] All: 17
Total: 17
F: 17
B: 11
Total: 28
NRL (NR) GPS: Minimax Team 2.5, 10 Hz, Catapult Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance, total slow-speed relative distance, total high-speed relative distance, total RHIE, total accelerations, total decelerations
Scott et al. (2018) [16] F: 8
AD: 6
B: 8
Total: 22
F: 101
AD: 77
B: 102
Total: 280
NRL (2013) GPS: SPI HPU, 15 Hz, GPSports Playing time, total high-speed distance
Sirotic et al. (2009) [49] All: 17
Total: 17
All: 39
Total: 39
NRL (2004–2005) Camera: NR Total relative distance
Sirotic et al. (2011) [17] F: 16
AD: 8
B:15
Total: 39
All: 39
Total: 39
NRL (NR) Camera: NV-DX100, Panasonic and GR-DVL 9800, JVC Playing time, total relative distance
Twist et al. (2017) [42] F: 8
AD: 3
B: 4
Total: 15
NR Super League (NR) GPS: Viper Pod 2, STATSports Total distance, total relative distance, total slow-speed relative distance, total high-speed relative distance
Twist et al. (2014) [18] NR F: 29
AD: 29
B: 30
Total: 88
NRL (2011) GPS: SPI-Pro, 5 Hz, GPSports
Accelerometer, SPI-Pro, 100 Hz, GPSports
Playing time, total distance, total relative distance
Twist et al. (2014) [18] NR F: 39
AD: 23
B: 42
Total: 104
Super League (2011) GPS: SPI-Pro, 5 Hz, GPSports
Accelerometer, SPI-Pro, 100 Hz, GPSports
Playing time, total distance, total relative distance
Varley et al. (2014) [19] F: 17
AD: 10
B: 9
Total: 36
F: 44
AD: 22
B: 28
Total: 94
NRL (NR) GPS: Minimax Team 2.5, 5 Hz, Catapult Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance, total slow-speed relative distance, total high-speed relative distance, total RHIE, total collisions, total low-impact collisions, total high-impact collisions, total relative collisions
Waldron et al. (2011) [20] F: 4
AD: 3
B: 5
Total: 12
F: 13
AD: 9
B: 17
Total: 39
Super League (2010) GPS: SPI-Pro, 5 Hz, GPSports
Accelerometer, SPI-Pro, 100 Hz, GPSports
Playing time, total distance, total slow-speed distance, total high-speed distance, total relative distance
  1. NR, not reported; GPS, global positioning system; F, forwards; AD, adjustables; B, backs; All, all positions; ST, successful team; LST, less-successful team; RHIE, repeat high intensity effort; NRL, National Rugby League