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Table 2 Description of included studies/data sets

From: The effect of resistance training interventions on fundamental movement skills in youth: a meta-analysis

Study Country   Participant details Intervention details  
N Age (years ± sd) Pubertal stage (Tanner) Sport/not specified % males Sex of training group Location Weeks/× per week (min per session) Sets/reps/intensity Exercises Outcomes included Quality score
Alberga et al. (2015) [38] Canada EG 78 CG 76 EG 15.9 ± 1.5 CG 15.6 ± 1.3 4–5 Not specified 29 Mixed Community 26 weeks × 4(60 min) 2–3 sets, 6–15 reps, max for reps Whole body exercises on resistance machines + some dumbbell exercises and body weight exercises Vertical jump 2
Channell et al. (2008) a [39] USA EG 11 CG 6 EG 15.9 ± 1.2 CG Not stated Not stated Sport 100 Males Not stated 12 weeks × 3 3–5 sets, 3–20 reps, 60–95% 1RM Day 1: bench press, power clean, push jerk, leg press, incline, push ups, back extensions abs. Day 2: bench press, power clean, push jerk, lunges, decline, push ups, back extensions, abs. Day 3: bench press, power clean, push jerk, attacker, military press, push ups, back extensions, abs. Vertical jump 3
Channell et al. (2008) b [39] USA EG 10 CG 6 EG 15.9 ± 1.2 CG Not stated Not stated Sport 100 Males Not stated 12 weeks × 3 3–5 sets, 3–20 reps, 60–100% 1RM Day 1: bench press, squat, deadlift, leg press, incline, push ups, back extensions, abs. Day 2: bench press, squat, deadlift, lunges, decline, push ups, back extensions, abs. Day 3: bench press, squat, deadlift, attacker, military press Vertical jump 3
Chelly et al. (2009) [40] Tunisia EG 11 CG 11 EG 17 ± 0.3 CG 17 ± 0.5 5 Sport 100 Males Community 8 weeks × 2 4 sets, 2–7 reps, 70–90%1RM Half back squat Squat jump, vertical jump 3
Christou et al. (2006) [41] Greece EG 9 CG 9 EG 13.8 ± 0.4 CG 13.5 ± 0.5 3–5 Sport 100 Males Community 16 weeks × 2(45 min) 2–3 sets, 8–15 reps, 55–80%1RM Leg press, bench press, leg extension, pec-deck, leg flexion, overhead press, lat pull-downs, calf raise, sit-ups, and upper-lower back extension 30-m sprint, squat jump, vertical jump 3
Faigenbaum et al. (1993) [42] USA EG 14 CG 10 EG 10.8 CG 9.9 1–2 Not specified 68 Mixed Not stated 8 weeks × 2 (35 min) 3 sets, 10–15 reps, 50–100%1RM Leg extension, leg curl, overhead press, bicep curl, chest press Vertical jump, seated medicine ball put 2
Faigenbaum et al. (1996) [43] USA EG 15 CG 9 EG 10.8 ± 0.4 CG 10 ± 0.4 1–2 Not specified 73 Mixed Not stated 8 weeks × 2 2–3 sets, 6 reps, max for reps Leg extension, leg curl, chest press, overhead press, bicep curl, ab curl, bent knee leg raise Vertical jump 1
Faigenbaum et al. (2002) a [44] USA EG 22 CG 9 EG 10.2 ± 1.4 CG 9.3 ± 1.5 Not stated Not specified 68 Mixed Community 8 weeks × 1(60 min) 1 set, 10–15 reps, max for reps Leg press, leg extension, leg curl, seated chest press, chest crossover, lat pull down, seated row, shoulder press, biceps curl, and triceps extension, ab curl, lower back extension Vertical jump, standing long jump 1
Faigenbaum et al. (2002) b [44] USA EG 20 CG 9 EG 9.7 ± 1.4 CG 9.3 ± 1.5 Not stated Not specified 55 Mixed Community 8 weeks × 2(60 min) 1 set, 10–15 reps, max for reps Leg press, leg extension, leg curl, seated chest press, chest crossover, lat pull down, seated row, shoulder press, biceps curl, and triceps extension, ab curl, lower back extension Vertical jump, standing long jump 1
Faigenbaum et al. (2005) a [45] USA EG 19 CG 12 EG 10.4 ± 1.5 CG 10.9 ± 0.9 Not stated Not specified 58 Mixed Community 8 weeks × 2(40 min) 1 set, 15–20 reps, max for reps Leg press, squat press, chest press, seated row, overhead press, pulldown, seated dip, ab curl, hip extension Vertical jump, standing long jump 1
Faigenbaum et al. (2005) b [45] USA EG 12 CG 12 EG 10.4 ± 1.2 CG 10.9 ± 0.9 Not stated Not specified 50 Mixed Community 8 weeks × 2(40 min) 1 set, 6–10 reps, max for reps Leg press, squat press, chest press, seated row, overhead press, pulldown, seated dip, ab curl, hip extension Vertical jump, standing long jump 1
Flanagan et al. (2002) a [46] USA EG 8 CG 20 EG 8.8 ± 0.5 CG 8.7 ± 0.5 Not stated Not specified 48 Mixed Community 10 weeks x 2(40 min) 1–3 sets, 8–15 reps, max for reps Squat, bench, pull downs, military press, bicep curls, hamstring curls, tricep pressdown, curl ups Medicine ball put, standing long jump, shuttle run 2
Flanagan et al. (2002) b [46] USA EG 22 CG 20 EG 8.6 ± 0.58 CG 8.7 ± 0.5 Not stated Not specified 48 Mixed School -PE 10 weeks × 2(40 min) Varied–body weight. Sea crawl, crab crawl, turtle walk, inch worm, treadmill (like a crawl) Medicine ball put, standing long jump, shuttle run 2
Gorostiaga et al. (1999) [32] Spain EG 9 CG 9 EG 15.1 ± 0.7 CG 15.1 ± 0.5 5 Sport 100 Males Not stated 6 weeks × 2(40 min) 4 sets, 3–12 reps, 40–90%1RM Supine bench press, half squat, knee flexion curl, leg press and pec-deck Squat jump, vertical jump, throwing velocity 1
Granacher et al. (2011) [47] Switzerland EG 14 CG 14 EG 16.7 ± 0.6 CG 16.8 ± 0.7 4–5 Not specified 48 Mixed School -PE 8 weeks × 2(90 min) 4 sets, 10 reps, 30–40% 1RM Leg press, leg extension and flexion, calf raise, weight machine for hip abduction/adduction, back squat Standing long jump, 20-m sprint 2
Hammami et al. (2017) [48] Tunisia EG 16 CG 12 EG 16.2 ± 0.6 CG 16.8 ± 0.2 Not stated Sport 100 Males Community 8 weeks × 2(45 min) 3–5 sets, 3–8 reps, 70–90%1RM Back half squat Vertical jump, squat jump 2
Hetzler et al. (1997) a [49] Germany EG 10 CG 10 EG 13.8 ± 0.6 CG 13.9 ± 1.1 3–4 Sport 100 Males Community 12 weeks × 3 1–3 sets, 10–12 reps, up to 100% 10RM Supine bench press, wide grip cable pull down, leg extension, leg curl, leg press, bicep curl, tricep extension, shoulder dumbbell routine, wrist curls, reverse wrist curls Vertical jump 3
Hetzler et al. (1997) b [49] Germany EG 10 CG 10 EG 13.2 ± 0.9 CG 13.9 ± 1.1 3–4 Sport 100 Males Community 12 weeks × 3 1–3 sets, 10–12 reps, up to 100% 10RM Supine bench press, wide grip cable pull down, leg extension, leg curl, leg press, bicep curl, tricep extension, shoulder dumbbell routine, wrist curls, reverse wrist curls Vertical jump 3
Lillegaard et al. (1997) a [50] USA EG 20 CG 18 EG 11.2 ± 1.1 CG 10.1 ± 1.6 1–2 Not specified 100 Mixed Not stated 12 weeks × 3(60 min) 3 sets, 10 reps, 10RM Barbell curl, tricep extension, leg press, leg curl, lat pulldown, bench press Vertical jump, shuttle run, 30-yard sprint, standing long jump 3
Lillegaard et al. (1997) b [50] USA EG 16 CG 10 EG 14 ± 0.98 CG 13.1 ± 1.6 3–5 Not specified 100 Mixed Not stated 12 weeks × 3(60 min) 3 sets, 10 reps, 10RM Barbell curl, tricep extension, leg press, leg curl, lat pulldown, bench press Vertical jump, shuttle run, 30-yard sprint, standing long jump 3
Lillegaard et al. (1997) c [50] USA EG 8 CG 6 EG 9.5 ± 1.4 CG 9.6 ± 1.2 1–2 Not specified 0 Mixed Not stated 12 weeks × 3 (60 min) 3 sets, 10 reps, 10RM Barbell curl, tricep extension, leg press, leg curl, lat pulldown, bench press Vertical jump, shuttle run, 30-yard sprint, standing long jump 3
Lillegaard et al. (1997) d [50] USA EG 8 CG 5 EG 12.6 ± 1.6 CG 12.6 ± 1.6 3–5 Not specified 0 Mixed Not stated 12 weeks × 3 (60 min) 3 sets, 10 reps, 10RM Barbell curl, tricep extension, leg press, leg curl, lat pulldown, bench press Vertical jump, shuttle run, 30-yard sprint, standing long jump 3
Lloyd et al. (2016) a [51] UK EG 10 CG 10 EG 12.6 ± 0.3 CG 12.8 ± 0.2 Not stated Not specified 100 Males School -PE 6 weeks × 2(60 min) 3 sets 10 reps, 10RM Barbell back squat, barbell lunge, dumbbell step up, leg press 20-m sprint, squat jump 3
Lloyd et al. (2016) b [51] UK EG 10 CG 10 EG 16.3 ± 0.3 CG 16.2 ± 0.3 Not stated Not specified 100 Males School - PE 6 weeks × 2(60 min) 3 sets 10 reps, 10RM Barbell back squat, barbell lunge, dumbbell step up, leg press 20-sprint, squat jump 3
Moraes et al. (2013) a [52] Brazil EG 14 CG 10 EG 15.5 ± 0.9 CG 15.6 ± 0.9 3–4 Not specified 100 Males Community 12 weeks × 3 3 sets, 10–12 reps, max for reps Machine bench press, 45° leg press, front lat pull-down, leg extension, military press, seated leg curl, pulley triceps extension, abdominal crunches, arm curl Vertical jump, standing long jump 1
Moraes et al. (2013) b [52] Brazil EG 14 CG 10 EG 15.4 ± 1.1 CG 15.6 ± 0.9 3–4 Not specified 100 Males Community 12 weeks × 3 3 sets, 3–20 reps, max for reps Machine bench press, 45° leg press, front lat pull-down, leg extension, military press, seated leg curl, pulley triceps extension, abdominal crunches, arm curl Vertical jump, standing long jump 1
Negra et al. (2016) [28] Tunisia EG 13 CG 11 EG 12.8 ± 0.3 CG12.7 ± 0.2 1–3 Sport 100 Males Community 12 weeks × 3(90 min) 4 sets, 8–12 reps, 40–60%1RM Half back squat Vertical jump, standing long jump, squat jump, 30-m spring, t test 1
Saeterbakken et al. (2010) [33] Norway EG 14 CG 10 EG 16.6 ± 3.1 CG 16.5 ± 3.9 Not stated Sport 0 Females Community 6 weeks × 2(75 min) 4 sets, 406 reps, max for reps Spine abduction, side lying plank, dynamic crunch, superman, one leg squat, push ups Throwing velocity 1
Sander et al. (2012) a [53] Germany EG 30 CG 25 EG 15 CG 15 Not stated Sport 100 Males Community 104 weeks × 2 5 sets, 4–10 reps, max for reps Parallel front and back squats, bench presses, deadlifts, neck presses and exercises for the trunk muscles as well as the standing row 30-m sprint 3
Sander et al. (2012) b [53] Germany EG 18 CG 33 EG 13 CG 13 Not stated Sport 100 Males Community 104 weeks × 2 5 sets, 4–10 reps, max for reps Parallel front and back squats, bench presses, deadlifts, neck presses and exercises for the trunk muscles as well as the standing row 30-m sprint 3
Santos et al. (2012) [54] Portugal EG 15 CG 10 EG 14.5 ± 0.6 CG14.2 ± 0.4 3–4 Sport 100 Males Community 10 weeks × 2 3 sets, 3–12 reps, max for reps Day 1: squat, press, upright row, lunge, push up, bicep curl, tricep dip, abs. Day 2: squat, deadlift, chest fly, front raise, row, calf raise, tricep extension, abs. Day 3: jump, high pull, press, upright row, squat jump, lying press, broad jump, abs Squat jump, vertical jump, medicine ball throw 2
Weltman et al. (1986) [55] USA EG 16 CG 10 EG 8.2 ± 1.3 CG 8.2 ± 1.3 > 2 Not specified 100 Males Community 14 weeks × 3(45 min) 1 set, 30 s on, 30 s off Biceps, triceps, bench press, quads, hamstrings, shoulder press, hip abduction/adduction, butterfly, forearm conditioner Vertical jump, standing long jump 2
Zouita et al. (2016) [29] Tunisia EG 26 CG 26 13–14 2–3 Sport 100 Males Community 12 weeks × 3(90 min) 15–20 reps, 30–80%1RM Squat, bench press, push ups, sit ups 30-m sprint, squat jump, vertical jump, t test 2
  1. *EG experimental group, CG control group, rep repetition, max maximum, RM repetition maximum, ab abdominal, lat latissimus dorsi