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Table 6 Overview of other nutritional supplements

From: Nutritional and Supplementation Strategies to Prevent and Attenuate Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: a Brief Review

Nutrient source (key nutrient) Mechanism of action Suggested benefits Refs
n-3 PUFAs (DHA, EPA) Anti-inflammatory properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↓INF, ↑MF [128,129,130,131,132,133,134,135,136,137,138,139]
Caffeine Adenosine receptor antagonism ↓DOMS [141,142,143,144,145,146,147]
MSM Antioxidant properties ↓DMG, ↓INF [148,149,150]
MIPS (Caffeine, Creatine, BCAAs) Increased MPS NA [17, 152]
Specialized water supplements Anti-inflammatory properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↓INF, ↑MF [153,154,155,156,157]
  1. DHA docosahexaenoic acid, ↓DMG nutrient reduced indirect markers of muscle damage compared to placebo, ↓DOMS nutrient reduced soreness and delayed-onset muscle soreness compared to placebo, EPA eicosapentaenoic acid, ↓INF nutrient reduced markers of inflammation compared to placebo, MIPS multi-ingredient pre-workout supplements, ↑MF nutrient improved muscle function relative to placebo, MSM methylsulfonylmethane, NA nutrient had no effect on EIMD-related outcome measures, n-3 PUFAs omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids