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Table 5 Overview of vitamin supplements

From: Nutritional and Supplementation Strategies to Prevent and Attenuate Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: a Brief Review

Nutrient source (key nutrient) Mechanism of action Suggested benefits Refs
Vitamin C and vitamin E Antioxidant properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↓INF, ↑MF [12, 117]
Vitamin D Antioxidant properties ↑MF [118, 123,124,125,126,127]
  1. ↓DMG nutrient reduced indirect markers of muscle damage compared to placebo, ↓DOMS nutrient reduced soreness and delayed-onset muscle soreness compared to placebo, INF nutrient reduced markers of inflammation compared to placebo, ↑MF nutrient improved muscle function relative to placebo