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Table 3 Overview of herbs and herbal supplements

From: Nutritional and Supplementation Strategies to Prevent and Attenuate Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: a Brief Review

Nutrient source (key nutrient) Mechanism of action Suggested benefits Refs
Anatabine Anti-inflammatory properties NA [58, 59]
Green tea (Polyphenols) Antioxidant properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS [60,61,62, 64,65,66,67]
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) Anti-inflammatory properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↓INF, ↑MF [68,69,70,71]
Ginger (Gingerols, shogaols) Anti-inflammatory properties ↓DOMS, ↑MF [73,74,75,76]
Ginseng (Ginsenosides) Anti-inflammatory properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↓INF, ↑MF [78,79,80,81]
Phyllanthus amarus (Polyphenols) Antioxidant properties ↓DOMS [82, 83]
Rhodiola rosea (Rosavin, Rosin, Rosarin, Salidroside) Antioxidant properties ↓DMG, ↓INF [85,86,87]
  1. ↓DMG nutrient reduced indirect markers of muscle damage compared to placebo, ↓DOMS nutrient reduced soreness and delayed-onset muscle soreness compared to placebo, INF nutrient reduced markers of inflammation compared to placebo, ↑MF nutrient improved muscle function relative to placebo, NA nutrient had no effect on EIMD-related outcome measures