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Table 2 Overview of vegetables and plant-derived supplements

From: Nutritional and Supplementation Strategies to Prevent and Attenuate Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: a Brief Review

Nutrient source (key nutrient) Mechanism of action Suggested benefits Refs
Beetroot (Betalains) Antioxidant properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↑MF [50,51,52,53,54]
Green algae extract (Astaxanthin) Antioxidant properties ↓DMG [55, 56]
  1. ↓DMG nutrient reduced indirect markers of muscle damage compared to placebo, ↓DOMS nutrient reduced soreness and delayed-onset muscle soreness compared to placebo, INF nutrient reduced markers of inflammation compared to placebo, ↑MF nutrient improved muscle function relative to placebo