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Table 1 Overview of fruits and fruit-derived supplements

From: Nutritional and Supplementation Strategies to Prevent and Attenuate Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: a Brief Review

Nutrient source (key nutrient) Mechanism of action Suggested benefits Refs
Blackcurrant (Anthocyanins) Antioxidant properties ↓DMG [19, 20]
Cherries (Anthocyanins) Antioxidant properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↓INF, ↑MF [22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33]
Pineapple (Bromelain) Anti-inflammatory properties ↓DOMS, ↓INF, ↑MF [34,35,36, 38]
Pomegranate (Ellagitannins) Antioxidant properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↑MF [39,40,41,42]
Watermelon (Citrulline) Antioxidant properties ↓DMG, ↓DOMS, ↑MF [43,44,45,46,47,48,49]
  1. ↓DMG nutrient reduced indirect markers of muscle damage compared to placebo, ↓DOMS nutrient reduced soreness and delayed-onset muscle soreness compared to placebo, INF nutrient reduced markers of inflammation compared to placebo, ↑MF nutrient improved muscle function relative to placebo