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Table 2 Mediation analysis of perceived physical strain accounting for relationship between exercise-induced muscle damage and valence

From: Modelling perception-action coupling in the phenomenological experience of “hitting the wall” during long-distance running with exercise-induced muscle damage in highly trained runners

Effect Standardised estimate CR SE 95%CI p
Path c (total effect) − .68 − 4.16    < .001
Path a .38 2.09    .036
Path b − .64 − 5.37    < .001
a × b (indirect effect) −. 24   .145 [− .022; − .563] .025
Path c’ (direct effect) − .38 − 3.22    .001
  1. Note: Maximum likelihood estimates are provided for paths c, a, b, and c’. For the standardised (a × b) indirect effect, bootstrap estimates with CIs are provided. Abbreviations: CR = critical ratio; CI = confidence interval; SE = standard error