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Table 1 Sex comparison of anthropometric, training, and performance data

From: The Psychophysiological Regulation of Pacing Behaviour and Performance Fatigability During Long-Distance Running with Locomotor Muscle Fatigue and Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage in Highly Trained Runners

  Male (n = 11) Female (n = 11) p value Effect size
Descriptive data
 Age (years) 29 ± 7 28 ± 10 n.s.
 Stature (cm) 173 ± 7 163 ± 5 .001 Large
 Body mass (kg)* 64.7 ± 8.9 54.2 ± 5.2 .016 Large
 Percentage body fat (%) 5.9 ± 1.7 14.8 ± 2.1 < .001 Near perfect
Training data
 Weekly volume (km week−1) 126 ± 61 61 ± 38 .008 Large
 Other training (h week−1)* 3.1 ± 4.9 5.8 ± 4.2 .021 Small
 Training history (years) 8.3 ± 4.4 4.2 ± 2.5 .019 Medium
Performance data
 PTRS (km h−1) 20.1 ± 1.0 17.1 ± 0.7 < .001 Very large
 Speed at VT-1 (km h−1) 15.6 ± 0.9 12.8 ± 0.7 < .001 Very large
 Speed at RCP (km h−1) 17.6 ± 0.8 14.8 ± 0.9 < .001 Very large
 abs VO2peak (ml min−1 kg−1) 4.49 ± 0.53 3.15 ± 0.43 < .001 Very large
 rel VO2peak (ml min−1 kg−1) 69.8 ± 5.6 58.0 ± 4.6 < .001 Very large
 VO2·VO2peak−1 @ VT-1 (%) 78.8 ± 4.0 79.3 ± 2.7 n.s.
 VO2·VO2peak−1 @ RCP (%) 89.5 ± 3.0 90.4 ± 2.9 n.s.
 CTT time (h:min:s) 1:14:39 ± 0:04:31 1:31:43 ± 0:06:54 < .001 Very large
  1. * = the assumption of equality of variances was violated and thus non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test was performed. Abbreviations: PTRS peak treadmill running speed, abs absolute; rel = relative, VO2peak peak oxygen consumption, VT-1 first ventilatory threshold, RCP respiratory compensation point, CTT control time trial; data represented as mean ± SD