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Table 3 Metabolites that differentiate moderate- versus high-power athletes

From: A pilot study comparing the metabolic profiles of elite-level athletes from different sporting disciplines

Metabolite Sub-pathway Fold change Bonferroni p value
1-palmitoyl-2-palmitoleoyl-GPC (16:0/16:1)* Phospholipid metabolism 0.577623 5.92E-11
1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-GPI (16:0/18:1)* Phospholipid metabolism 0.42177 1.10E-07
Imidazole lactate Histidine metabolism 0.447699 1.88E-06
1-stearoyl-2-oleoyl-GPC (18:0/18:1) Phospholipid metabolism 0.279019 4.51E-06
1-linolenoyl-GPC (18:3)* Lysolipid 0.414819 1.10E-05
1-linoleoyl-2-linolenoyl-GPC (18:2/18:3)* Phospholipid metabolism 0.537975 1.11E-05
1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-GPI (16:0/18:2) Phospholipid metabolism 0.447877 5.88E-05
1-palmitoyl-GPI (16:0) Lysolipid 0.438221 0.000101
Indolelactate Tryptophan metabolism 0.30948 0.000178
3-methylxanthine Xanthine metabolism 0.788924 0.00021
1,2-dilinoleoyl-GPC (18:2/18:2) Phospholipid metabolism 0.324133 0.000225
1-lignoceroyl-GPC (24:0) Lysolipid 0.321129 0.000287
1-palmitoyl-2-stearoyl-GPC (16:0/18:0) Phospholipid metabolism 0.222855 0.000322
N-acetylcarnosine Dipeptide derivative − 0.33185 0.000873
1-stearoyl-2-oleoyl-GPI (18:0/18:1)* Phospholipid metabolism 0.346165 0.001026
N-acetylmethionine Methionine, cysteine, SAM, and taurine metabolism − 0.58119 0.001445
1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-GPC (16:0/18:1) Phospholipid metabolism 0.153562 0.002983
Argininate* Urea cycle; arginine and proline metabolism 0.422405 0.003294
7-methylxanthine Xanthine metabolism 0.648043 0.004023
Homoarginine Urea cycle; arginine and proline metabolism − 0.27429 0.006606
Gamma-glutamylvaline Gamma-glutamyl amino acid − 0.3052 0.008009
Sphingosine 1-phosphate Sphingolipid metabolism − 0.20846 0.008168
Phenyllactate (PLA) Phenylalanine and tyrosine metabolism 0.306398 0.009708
Arabitol/xylitol Pentose metabolism 0.23942 0.015147
1-palmitoleoyl-GPC (16:1)* Lysolipid 0.229408 0.017685
Methionine sulfone Methionine, cysteine, SAM, and taurine metabolism 0.308995 0.02004
Guanidinoacetate Creatine metabolism − 0.22401 0.035446
1-stearoyl-2-linoleoyl-GPI (18:0/18:2) Phospholipid metabolism 0.261839 0.036305
Sphingomyelin (d18:2/14:0, d18:1/14:1)* Sphingolipid metabolism 0.216635 0.036711
4-cholesten-3-one Sterol 0.242711 0.037246
1-palmitoyl-GPG (16:0)* Lysolipid 0.309379 0.040079
Cholate Primary bile acid metabolism 1.182236 0.041373
1-palmitoyl-GPE (16:0) Lysolipid 0.230631 0.049265
1-stearoyl-2-linoleoyl-GPC (18:0/18:2)* Phospholipid metabolism 0.118022 0.052877
  1. Asterisks (*) indicated on IDs of some metabolites refer to compounds that have not been officially confirmed based on a standard, but their identities are known with confidence