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Table 4 Median (p95 confidence interval) ACTH/cortisol ratios during insulin tolerance test (ITT)

From: Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) Axis Functioning in Overtraining Syndrome: Findings from Endocrine and Metabolic Responses on Overtraining Syndrome (EROS)—EROS-HPA Axis

ACTH/cortisol ratio OTS athletes (OTS) (n = 14) Healthy athletes (ATL) (n = 25) Non-active subjects (NCS) (n = 12) p
Basal 184.9 (90.8–332.5) 141.5 (77.4–270.1) 178.0 (91.9–347.3) n/s
During hypoglycemia 252.3 (77.1–1312.1) 363.5 (111.3–1421.3) 332.9 (122.0–1976.3) n/s
30′ after hypoglycemia 156.0* (60.4–598.0) 286.2& (96.6–986.5) 321.9 (146.3–723.6) 0.03
  1. Differences between OTS and ATL: *p < 0.05
  2. Differences between ATL and NCS: & p < 0.05
  3. CI confidence interval