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Table 8 Modulation of TLR2 and TLR4 after combined exercise (aerobic and resistance)

From: Aerobic but not Resistance Exercise Can Induce Inflammatory Pathways via Toll-Like 2 and 4: a Systematic Review

Authors Sample Disease Frequency, intensity, and duration Post-exercise results
TLR Cytokine Other
Stewart et al. 2005 [93] Adults and elderly No disease 3 days/week, 70–80% 1 RM and 50–70% of heart rate reserve, 12 weeks ↓TLR4, ↔TLR2 ↔TNF-α
↔IL-1β
↓IL-6
 
Timmerman et al. 2008 [149] Elderly No disease 3 days/week, 70–80% 1 RM and 70–80% of heart rate reserve, 12 weeks ↔TLR4 ↓TNF-α