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Table 3 Studies assessing muscle explosive action response to resistance training under conditions of hypoxia

From: Resistance Training Using Different Hypoxic Training Strategies: a Basis for Hypertrophy and Muscle Power Development

  n Procedure (n) Training level H cond. Level of hypoxia Training intervention Hypoxia effects
Number/s Methodology/assessment Exercise  
García-Ramos et al. [42] 18 Ramdom trials N and HH Elite swimmers HH
(2 weeks)
2320 m 10 3–4 × 6–12 reps. 30–90% BW
F-V curve
Back-squat
SJ
P peak
V peak
Álvarez-Herms et al. [71] 12 2 groups
G1(7): N
G2(5): sHH
Physical education students sHH
(4 weeks)
2500 m
(+10 min pre-training)
12 4 × 15–25 reps. (90 s–2 min rest)
5 × 10 reps. (45 s rest)
5 × 5 reps. (3 min rest)
Isolated jumps
Back-squat
Jumps
Jumps
SJ
CMJ
Jump
Height
(ns)
García-Ramos et al. [72] 15 Ramdom trials N and HH Elite swimmers HH
(2 weeks)
2320 m 10 3–4 × 6–12 reps. 30–90% BW
F-V curve
T-15 m
Back-squat
SJ
Jump
Height ▲
T-15 m
García-Ramos et al. [73] 13 Trials in N and HH Elite swimmers HH
(3 weeks)
2320 m Pool, 2 s/day × 6 days/week
Dry land, 1 s/day × 6 days/week
Concurrent strength and endurance training
F-V curve
T-5 m
T-10 m
T-15 m
Start: take-off V
Squat, deadlift, leg ext, hip thrust
SJ
Swimming start
T-5 m (ns)
T-10 (ns)
T-15 (ns)
V peak (ns)
Take-off V (ns)
  1. n sample size, Procedure (sample size), N normoxia, H cond. hypoxia condition, NH normobaric hypoxia, HH hypobaric hypoxia, sHH simulated hypobaric hypoxia, FiO 2 inspired fraction of oxygen, Numbers/s number of sessions, Methodology ex/s exercises per training session, %RM load expressed as percentage of 1 repetition maximum, sets × repetitions interset rest, F-V curve force-velocity curve, P peak peak power, V peak peak velocity, BW body weight, SJ squat jump, CMJ countermovement jump, T-n time to n-meters during a swimming start,▲ increase value, decrease value, ns non-significant change