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Table 1 Clustering of seasonal training phases for body composition, energy intake, and total energy expenditure

From: Total Energy Expenditure, Energy Intake, and Body Composition in Endurance Athletes Across the Training Season: A Systematic Review

Preparation phase Competition phase Transition phase
Training/preparation/conditioning/peak training period
Beginning/early/middle/ end of training season
Beginning of season
Before/pre-season
High/low volume weeks
Before/during/after high intensity/exhaustive training periods/training camps
Intensified/overloaded/heavy training
End of preparatory training phase
Habitual/basic/normal training phase
Non-competitive season
Before/during/after race/competition
Taper phase
Peak-season, in-season
Top of performance
Early/start/during/end of competitive season
Pre-competition
Mid/late season
Beginning of competition preparatory period
Detraining
Off-season
Post-season
After/between season
Recreation
Resting period