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Table 3 Available dietary supplements in sport. Reproduced from the Australian Institute of Sport Dietary Supplement [15] with permission

From: Medical Care for Swimmers

Category Function Examples
Sport foods Convenient foods used to deliver necessary macronutrients (e.g., carbohydrates and protein) before, during, and after exercise Protein shakes, sports drinks, gummy chews, chewable tablets
Medical supplements Tablets, capsules, or liquids of essential nutrients needed to treat diagnosed conditions or deficiencies affecting health and performance Iron and vitamin D supplements
Performance supplements Naturally found dietary ingredients in supplemental form taken to ergogenically aid performance and recovery time Beet juice, caffeine, beta alanine, creatine, sodium bicarbonate