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Table 3 Mean female physical performance results (sd) stratified by anemia status

From: Prevalence and Impact of Anemia on Basic Trainees in the US Air Force

Females (N = 3,720)
  No anemia Anemia p value^
Borderline Moderate Severe
1.5 mile run No. 2753 494 413 60
Initial 15.30 (2.02) 15.99 (2.01) 16.44 (2.09) 16.95 (2.23) <0.001
Final 12.59 (1.27) 13.56 (1.39) 13.96 (1.48) 13.90 (1.24) <0.001
Improvement 17.7 % 15.2 %* 15.1 %* 15.3 %
Push-ups No. 2706 481 408 60
Initial 17.00 (8.90) 16.18 (8.93) 14.52 (7.67) 14.76 (6.81) <0.001
Final 33.88 (10.27) 32.47 (10.10) 31.22 (8.91) 30.95 (8.89) <0.001
Improvement 99.3 % 99.3 % 115.0 % 109.7 %
Sit-ups No. 2749 492 412 60
Initial 29.28 (10.63) 27.80 (10.78) 26.70 (10.40) 27.87 (10.46) <0.001
Final 46.95 (8.69) 46.09 (8.70) 45.29 (8.61) 47.00 (8.20) 0.001
Improvement 60.4 % 65.8 %* 69.6 %* 68.6 %
  1. Mean (standard deviation) in minutes
  2. Mean (standard deviation) in repetitions
  3. ^Comparison of four categories based on one-way ANOVA
  4. *Statistically significant difference compared to non-anemic based on paired two-sample t test with Welch modification and post-hoc Bonferroni correction