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Table 2 Comparison of baseline (mean ± SD) and mean (±95 % CI) changes for glucose, insulin, and cytokine measures

From: Comparison of Two Different Sprint Interval Training Work-to-Rest Ratios on Acute Inflammatory Responses

Measure   Change Change Group comparison
Baseline Tabata Wingate
Insulin sensitivity 75.9 (3.2) −2.8 (−5.1, −0.5)a −3.9 (−6.9, −0.9)a 0.5115
Glucose AUC 444.1 (78.9) −17.8 (−12.90, 48.4) −14.8 (−35.6, 27.8) 0.3228
Insulin AUC 91.9 (55.2) −12.4 (−6.5, 31.2) −4.7 (−17.45, 19.0) 0.3494
Cytokine response     
 IL-6 (pg ml−1) 0.85 (0.48)    
  Post 0   0.70 (0.23, 1.17)b 1.11 (0.60, 1.62)b 0.9091
  Post 1 h   1.10 (0.37,1.83)b 0.95 (0.26, 1.65)b 0.9991
  Post 24 h   −0.13 (−0.38, 0.13) 0.47 (−0.34, 1.28) 0.6706
 IL-10 (pg ml−1) 3.69 (1.46)    
  Post 0   1.53 (0.77, 2.29)b 1.59 (0.58, 2.59)b 1.0000
  Post 1 h   −0.4091(−2.050, 1.23) 0.31 (−0.56, 1.18) 0.8771
  Post 24 h   −0.56 (−1.37, 0.23) −0.03 (−0.79, 0.73) 0.9538
 TNF-α (pg ml−1) 3.96 (3.45)    
  Post 0   3.26 (1.57, 4.96) 3.05 (0.56, 5.54) 1.0000
  Post 1 h   −1.41 (−3.93, 1.11) −0.94 (−3.22, 1.35) 0.9993
  Post 24 h   −0.59 (−2.72, 1.53) 0.08 (−2.03, 2.20) 0.9973
  1. Group comparison p values indicate there were no differences between sprint groups
  2. a95 % CI changes that failed to cross 0 (i.e., 0 change) were considered significant with a significant decrease above baseline
  3. b95 % CI changes that failed to cross 0 (i.e., 0 change) were considered significant with a significant increase above baseline