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Table 2 Music tempo-pace synchronization, preferences and utilization

From: Synchronized personalized music audio-playlists to improve adherence to physical activity among patients participating in a structured exercise program: a proof-of-principle feasibility study

  No music control Music audio-playlist without RAS Music audio-playlist with RAS P value *
( n= 11) ( n= 11) ( n= 11)
Playlist tempo-pace synchronization     
 Exercise walking/running pace, mean steps/min (range) N/A 110.7 (91 to 128.7) 122.0 (112 to 133) 0.03
 Tempo range of music within playlist, mean BPM (range) N/A 111 (81 to 139) 123 (105 to 168) 0.01
Patient playlist preferences     
 Contemporary (e.g. top 40 pop, hip-hop, dance) N/A 24% 11% <0.001
 Rock N/A 18% 33%  
 Country-Western N/A 24% 17%  
 Jazz, blues N/A 6% 11%  
 Classical N/A 12% 22%  
 Other (includes no stated preferences) N/A 18% 6%  
Music-playlist utilization     
 Average number of audio-plays 0 174 (186) 780.7 (943.7) <0.001
  1. According to randomized group: No music control vs. music audio-playlist without RAS vs. music audio-playlist with RAS enhancement. RAS, rhythmic auditory stimulation; BPM, beats per minute; N/A, not available. * P value tests for statistical differences across groups based on the Kruskal-Wallis Test or Chi-squared test.