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Table 1 Normative running economy data for male and female runners of varying ability levels

From: Running economy: measurement, norms, and determining factors

   Male mean (range) Female mean (range)
Runner classification Speed (km . hr −1 ) Running economy (ml . kg -1. min −1 ) VO 2 max (ml . kg -1. min −1 ) Running economy (ml . kg -1. min −1 ) VO 2 max (ml . kg -1. min −1 )
Recreational [19,77,202,220-223] 10 36.7 (35.4-38.8) 54.2 (51.0-57.8) 37.7 (32.8-42.6) 49.7 (45.2-54.1)
12 42.2 (40.4-45.3) 43.2 (38.5-48.1)
14 47.4 (46.0-49.5) 47.3 (40.1-51.9)
Moderately
trained [94,224-229]
12 40.7 (37.4-48.1) 62.2 (56.6-69.1) 41.9 (28.9-41.7) 55.8 (50.5-59.4)
14 46.8 (42.0-55.5) 47.9 (41.3-53.5)
16 51.4 (51.6-62.3) 52.9 (45.7-61.0)
Highly trained [1,21,23,27,31,230,231] 12 n/a 70.8 (65.3-80.2) 41.3 (33.3-50.2) 61.7 (56.2-72.3)
14 45.0 (32.4-56.5) 48.3 (39.0-56.7)
16 50.6 (40.5-66.8) 54.5 (46.2-61.9)
18 58.1 (48.0-72.0) 58.6 (54.4-67.1))
20 66.5 (65.7-71.6) n/a
Elite [21,22,29,31,58,232] 14 39.9 (36.1-44.5) 75.4 (68.2-84.1) 41.9 (38.7-46.9) 66.2 (61.1-74.2)
16 47.9 (43.2-53.4) 48.9 (45.1-55.8)
18 55.9 (50.5-62.3) 56.1 (51.8-63.8)
20 63.91 (57.5-71.2) n/a
  1. n/a = not applicable.